The clinical reasoning literature has advanced in concert with the rapid growth of cognitive psychology, the discipline which examines how the mind learns, reasons, and makes judgments. A basic understanding of how the mind works is critical for analyzing our diagnostic and management decisions.
Quick Take: read the iBook "The Science of the Art of Medicine” by John Brush. You can read a review of the book Here.
Core resources (additional high-yield introductory information) are indicated by a STAR icon.
General references View
The Science of the Art of Medicine by John Brush [iBook available at iTunes]
A brief and highly accessible overview of the cognitive and quantitative topics that govern physician decision making.
Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman
A comprehensive but accessible overview of System 1 (intuitive) and System 2 (analytical) reasoning and decision making.
Learning Clinical Reasoning by Jerome Kassirer, John Wong, Richard Kopelman
A thorough introduction to clinical reasoning followed by many illustrative case studies.
Geoff Norman "Clinical Reasoning"
A 49 minute video on the evolution of clinical reasoning concepts and research paradigms.
Dual Process Model of Reasoning View
Naturalistic Decision Making View
Kahneman D, Klein G. Conditions for intuitive expertise: a failure to disagree. The American Psychologist. 2009.
An engaging compare and contrast of the heuristics and biases viewpoint and the NDM viewpoint of human decision making with a discussion of the conditions that separate true intuitive skill from overconfident and biased impressions.
Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions by Gary Klein
An examination of real-world expert decision making which emphasizes experience and the use of environmental clues to trigger/adapt/improvise solutions in work environments.
Mental Sub-processes Model View
Catherine Lucey "Clinical Problem Solving" (Coursera)
A six session on-line course that provides a comprehensive overview of clinical reasoning principles with practical examples, case-studies, and on-line forum. (Currently not offered but will be re-activated in near future).
Catherine Lucey "From Problem Lists to Illness Scripts"
A summary of many of the concepts in the Coursera Course.